Background: The management of ruptured C6 aneurysms remains controversial. Detailed long-term outcome data are still lacking. Thus the present study provided a detailed long term follow-up for a multidisciplinary approach combining microsurgical clipping, endovascular embolisation and parent artery occlusion with/without bypass protection.
Methods: In our single centre analysis of 64 consecutive patients, indications for microsurgery were: superior aneurysm projection, giant/large or wide necked aneurysms and aneurysms at branching sites. Indications for embolisation were: narrow necks, neck calcification, close aneurysm relation to the clinoid process or adhesion to the distal dural ring, and aneurysm location in the concavity of the carotid siphon curve.
Results: 23 patients (35.9%) underwent microsurgery, 38 patients (59.4%) embolisation and three patients (4.7%) parent artery occlusion under bypass protection. Retreatment was required in 20.9% (surgery 8.7%, endovascular 31.6%). Procedure related transient complications occurred in 10.9% (surgery 13.0%, endovascular 10.5%). Procedure related permanent morbidities occurred in 6.3% (surgery 8.7%, endovascular 5.3%), including visual deficits in 4.7% (surgery 4.4%, endovascular 5.3%). One endovascular patient died. Angiographic follow-up (29.2 (SD 31.9) months) revealed total aneurysm occlusion in 94.4% of the surgical and 82.9% of the endovascular patients. Clinical follow-up (58.7 (SD 47.6) months) showed 73.4% of the population reaching Glasgow Outcome Scale 4–5, these data being equivalent to the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) outcomes.
Conclusions: Based on favourable neuroradiological and ophthalmological outcomes, microsurgery is recommended for superiorly projecting aneurysms, especially aneurysms involving the ophthalmic artery, and for giant/large or wide necked aneurysms. Based on stable aneurysm occlusion and excellent clinical outcomes, embolisation can be recommended for inferiorly/medially projecting small, narrow necked aneurysms.
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C Sherif and A Gruber contributed equally to this study.
Competing interests None.
Ethics approval The study was approved by the Medical University of Vienna.
Provenance and Peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.