Article Text

Predictors and long-term outcome of seizures after bacterial brain abscess


Background Seizures are one of the most important neurological complications of bacterial brain abscesses. A better understanding of the risk factors of seizures following bacterial brain abscesses is needed to predict those who will require treatment.

Methods A total of 205 patients were enrolled in this 22-year retrospective study. Prognostic variables were analysed based on Cox's proportional hazards model after a minimum of 18 months of follow-up.

Results Seizures occurred in 48 patients who had bacterial brain abscesses, including acute symptomatic seizures in 17% (35/205) and unprovoked seizures in 6.4% (13/205). Altogether, 27 patients had early seizures and 21 had late seizures. The overall mortality rate in the seizure patients was 23% (11/48) and seven patients progressed to epilepsy.

Conclusion Cox's proportional hazards model demonstrated that valvular heart diseases as the underlying diseases and the presence of a fronto-parietal distribution of bacterial brain abscess were independently predictive of seizures, and the presence of late seizures was predictive of developing epilepsy. Most first seizures occurred within 3 y after bacterial brain abscesses.

  • Outcome
  • risk factors
  • seizures
  • bacterial brain abscess
  • bacteriology
  • epilepsy
  • microbiology

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.