Background Little is known about health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the long term after stroke.
Aim The aim of this study was to assess the level of, and factors associated with, HRQoL at 7 years post-stroke.
Methods All stroke cases from a prospective community-based stroke incidence study (excluding subarachnoid haemorrhage) were assessed 7 years after stroke. HRQoL was measured with the Assessment of Quality of Life instrument. Proportional odds ordinal logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with HRQoL at 7 years post-stroke.
Results Overall, 1321 stroke cases were recruited. Seven years after stroke, 413 (31.2%) were alive and 328 (79.4%) were assessed. Those assessed were less often current smokers pre-stroke than those not assessed (p<0.01). Seventy-six survivors (23%) had very poor HRQoL (range: −0.038 to 0.100). Factors present at 7 years that were associated with better 7-year HRQoL were independence in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) (estimated OR=11.2, 95% CI 4.87 to 25.6, p<0.001), independence in basic activities of daily living (BADL) (OR=4.53, 95% CI 2.03 to 10.1, p<0.001), independence in IADL and BADL (OR=9.90, 95% CI 4.51 to 21.7, p<0.001), male gender (OR=1.89, 95% CI 1.21 to 2.96, p=0.005) and lesser handicap (trend: OR=3.47, 95% CI 2.51 to 4.79, p<0.001). Participants' HRQoL scores tended to be lower when HRQoL assessments were completed by proxy (OR=0.13, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.31, p<0.001).
Conclusion At 7 years post-stroke, 68.8% had died and a substantial proportion of survivors had poor HRQoL. Factors such as handicap, BADL and IADL could be targeted to improve HRQoL in long-term survivors of stroke.
- quality of life
- stroke recovery
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Funding National Health & Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Australia Victorian Health Promotion Foundation and Australia Foundation for High Blood Pressure Research, Department of Physiology, University of Melbourne.
Competing interests None declared.
Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of each of the participating institutions including Austin Health.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.