Murine studies show no alemtuzumab-related teratogenicity, but no controlled human clinical studies of alemtuzumab in pregnancy exist. In phase 2 (CAMMS223 [NCT00050778]) and phase 3 (CARE-MS I [NCT00530348], CARE-MS II [NCT00548405]) studies, patients received 2 annual alemtuzumab courses. Two extension studies provided longer-term evaluation (NCT00930553; TOPAZ [NCT02255656]). Pregnant/lactating patients were ineligible for further treatment but were followed up for safety. As of 1 April 2017, 248 pregnancies occurred in 156/972 alemtuzumab-treated female patients (mean [SD] age at conception, 32.5 [4.4] years; mean [SD] time from last alemtuzumab dose to conception, 33.5 [22.6] months; 16 within 4 months of dosing), with 218 completed, 14 ongoing, and 16 with unknown outcomes. Of completed pregnancies with known outcomes, 147 (67%) were live births with no congenital abnormalities or birth defects. There were 48 (22%) spontaneous abortions, 22 (10%) elective abortions, and 1 (0.5%) stillbirth. To date, there has been no signal for teratogenicity. Incidence of spontaneous abortions was comparable with treatment-naive MS patients (5%–21%) and the general population (17%–22%). Real-world data are currently collected by the International Lemtrada Pregnancy Exposure Registry, a prospective, non-interventional, observational safety study enrolling patients in ≥19 countries who become pregnant within 4 months of alemtuzumab exposure.
Study Support: Sanofi.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.