We describe the seizure phenotype of a 26 year old lady who presented with a probable photic-induced convulsion on a background of mild intellectual disability, facial dysmorphia, fused cervical vertebrae and ventricular septal defect. There was no prior history of seizures.
Routine EEG was polyrhythmic with a prominent photoparoxysmal response at 14 Hz and 40 Hz. CT head was normal. A SNP array demonstrated a rare 51 kb deletion at 12 p12.1 which disrupts the SOX5 gene.
SOX5 is a developmentally important gene encoding a transcription factor that plays a role in multiple developmental pathways including of the nervous system. Loss of function of this gene is associated with Lamb-Shaffer syndrome, first characterised in 2012 with global developmental delay, intellectual disability, mild dysmorphic facies, language impairment and variable skeletal abnormalities.
3 of the original cohort of 16 patients described experienced seizures and the nature of their epilepsy was not further defined. Only a further 7 cases have been reported to date, none of whom experienced seizures. Our case helps to broaden the phenotype of Lamb-Shaffer syndrome, highlights the importance of looking for copy number variation and poses questions regarding the neurobiology of photo-sensitivity.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.