Introduction Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) can present a real diagnostic challenge, with subsequent impact on the course of the disorder and its management. A number of studies have looked into predictive factors for PNES. However, no guidance is available for applying the findings of these studies in clinical practice.
Aim The aim is to combine the most recognised discriminative features into an integrated clinical tool, ultimately, to improve the predictive value of the medical assessment of patients with possible PNES in a clinic setting. This can be invaluable in centres with limited access to video telemetry (VT).
Methods The following criteria were employed and compared with the results of VT as gold standard:
Review of system questionnaire
Ictal semiology and autonomic activation
Postictal prolactin and lactate
Results and conclusion This QIP will assess the reliability and validity of various criteria in recognising PNES clinically. Based on our findings, an integrated tool will then be designed as an adjunct to the standard medical assessment in settings where VT is not readily available.
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