Background Conditions such as primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) or demyelinating/inflammatory diseases may present with similar clinical and neuroradiological features to gliomas. These ‘glioma mimics’ are commonly diagnosed with brain biopsy, but this is not always possible. We aim to optimize the contribution of less invasive investigations to the diagnostic pathway.
Method Retrospective review of the diagnostic process of glioma mimics between September to November 2018 in a tertiary Neuro–oncology unit.
Results The Neuro-oncology MDT gave 558 opinions excluding post –operative reviews. Twelve cases were identified as glioma mimics. 6/12 were new cases. Further investigations in five new cases took 2.5 – 11 weeks to complete. Two patients deteriorated during diagnostic workup and had expedited brain biopsies which confirmed PCNSL. One proceeded with chemotherapy and one was referred to palliative care.
Conclusion Diagnostic tests prior to brain biopsy were not performed in all glioma mimic cases. This was because test results excluding brain biopsy were not available to start treatment before the patient deteriorated clinically. We anticipate that the frequency of glioma mimics will increase due to the greater use of immunomodulatory therapies. A dedicated protocol to achieve rapid diagnosis of glioma mimics is imperative to facilitate early, appropriate treatment.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.