Article Text

Download PDFPDF

082 Safety of ondansetron in a case series of patients with a predisposition to seizures
  1. Laura White1,
  2. Michelle Pipe1,
  3. Tom Hayton2,
  4. Nicholas Barnes1
  1. 1University of Birmingham
  2. 2University Hospitals Birmingham

Abstract

Background Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) have increased hippocampal 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT)-3 receptors versus controls. 5HT-3 antagonists may therefore be efficacious in TLE-HS. However, rare case reports have described seizures in patients treated with 5HT-3 antagonists. We retrospectively investigated seizure episodes in patients with a seizure predisposition treated with ondansetron.

Methods Inpatients admitted to the West Midlands regional neurosciences centre from 08/09/2015–31/01/2017 with an epilepsy diagnosis or prescribed ≥1 antiepileptic drug and treated with ondansetron for ≥4 days were included. Patient notes were reviewed to identify seizure episodes during ondansetron treatment.

Results 50 patients were identified; 14 had epilepsy, 36 had other diagnoses predisposing to seizures. During ondansetron treatment, 21.4% epilepsy patients and 11.1% with other diagnoses experienced ≥1 seizure; all seizures were deemed unlikely to be ondansetron related. Patients with seizures had similar treatment duration versus patients without (median 8 vs 6 days) and a lower cumulative dose (median 56 vs 72 mg).

Conclusion Three patients with epilepsy and four with other diagnoses experienced seizures during ondansetron treatment; none of the seizures were thought to be ondansetron related. A randomised controlled study is needed to assess the efficacy and safety of ondansetron in patients with epilepsy.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.