Article Text

Download PDFPDF

223 Anderson tawil syndrome: expanding the phenotype and assessing cardiac risk
  1. Vinojini Vivekanandam1,
  2. Konstantinos Savvitis2,
  3. Jatin Pattni1,
  4. Doreen Fialho1,
  5. Michael G Hanna1,
  6. Emma Matthews1
  1. 1MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases, Queens Square Institute of Neurology
  2. 2Inherited Cardiovascular Diseases Unit, Barts Heart Centre

Abstract

Anderson Tawil Syndrome (ATS) is a rare channelopathy traditionally characterised by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias and dysmorphic features. Mutations in the KCJN2 gene have been associated with ATS. Accurate and early diagnosis is important in facilitating treatment of episodic paralysis and preventing potentially life-threatening cardiac events.

We aim to fully characterise the phenotype in a carefully stratified cohort including cognitive deficits and cardiac risk.

66 patients were identified with KCJN2 mutations. Comprehensive clinical information was available for 18 of these patients. Cardiac symptoms were prominent. Two thirds (11) had daily or very frequent palpitations. 27% (5) reported shortness of breath. Serious cardiac complications occurred in 4 patients (ICD insertion, left ventricular dysfunction/cardiomyopathy). 39% (7) reported pain which has previously not been appreciated as part of ATS. Interestingly, 4 patients had fasciculations. 4 patients had minimal decrement (<48%) on Long Exercise Tests (LET) despite having episodic weakness. Lower limb Muscle MRI was abnormal in 6 patients. Excess sleepiness was reported. Neuropsychometric testing suggests slowed processing speed. While dysmorphic features exist, these can be subtle. Short stature is not ubiquitous. Heterogeneity within families was commonly seen.

The phenotypic spectrum of ATS is broader than currently appreciated, and data analysis is ongoing.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.