Background Huntingtin (HTT) lowering therapies hold great promise to slow or halt neurodegeneration in Huntington’s disease (HD). AMT-130 is an investigational AAV5-based gene therapy that expresses an engineered microRNA to specifically bind to huntingtin exon 1, thereby lowering total HTT mRNA.
Aims We initiated a double-blinded first-in-human study to investigate AMT-130 in early-stage patients and here describe interim 12-month results from the low-dose cohort (NCT04120493).
Methods Inclusion criteria were DCL 3-4, TFC 9-13, ≥40 CAG repeats, and caudate/putamen volumes greater than a prespecified minimum. Participants received one-time AMT-130 administration using MRI-guided, convection-enhanced stereotactic neurosurgical delivery directly into six sites bilaterally (3/side) in the striatum, or a sham surgical procedure.
Results At baseline, ages of 10 enrolled participants in Cohort 1 ranged from 34-58 years (mean:49), historical CAG repeats from 41-44 (mean:42), CAP scores from 318-542 (mean:426), TFC from 10-13 (mean:11.9) and TMS from 7-23 (mean:13.3). At 12-months post-treatment, the most common treatment-emergent adverse event was transient post-procedural headache (70%). Two serious adverse events judged to likely be unrelated to AMT-130 were observed: an upper extremity DVT at an intravenous line site presenting 1-week post-procedure, and brief post-operative delirium; both resolved. At 12-months post-treatment, CSF NfL returned to near baseline levels following an initial increase and the mean CSF mHTT decreased 53.8% (range:44-71%) compared to baseline.
Conclusions Follow up of participants is ongoing. Cohort 1 interim data thus far supports the safety and tolerability of a one-time infusion of AMT-130 in patients with early-stage HD.
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