Table 7

Leukoaraiosis with and without basal ganglia hyperintensities (mean (SD))

AD without LAAD with LA (no BGH)AD with LA, with BGH
Patients (n)2369
Apathy scale* 19.2  (8.7)23.3  (13.4)28.3  (5.2)
Rigidity * 0.1 (0.3)0.5 (1.0)1.2 (0.8)
Hand movements * 0.2 (0.5)0.5 (0.5)1.2 (0.8)
Alternating
movements *
0.2 (0.5)0.5 (0.5)1.2 (0.9)
Leg agility * 0.2 (0.5)0.7 (0.9)1.3 (0.9)
Posture * 0.2 (0.4)0.7 (0.5)1.0 (0.5)
Gait disturbances * 0.2 (0.4)0.7 (0.5)0.7 (0.7)
Digits forward * 5.2 (0.9)5.4 (1.1)3.7 (1.7)
Caps* 3.3 (1.4)4.6 (1.0)6.1 (1.5)
Bands * 1.2 (0.6)2.3 (0.8)2.4 (0.8)
White matter hyperintensities* 1.9 (1.8)6.1 (0.5)14.6 (1.1)
  • AD=Alzheimer’s disease; LA=leukoaraisosis. *P<0.05.