Table 1

Characteristics of subjects

SubjectsAge (y)SexTime after stroke (months)MAS1-150 walking (1–6)Side testedAshworth scale1-151(0–4)Tendon jerk1-152
(+ to ++++)
  51-154 71M203L0+++
 101-154 65F163L1+++
 141-154 78F73L0+++
 1549F1-153 1-153 L0++
  • 1-150 Motor assessment scale (MAS)17; grade 1=stands on affected leg and steps forward with other leg. (weight bearing hip must be extended); therapist may give standby help; grade 2=walks with standby help from one person; grade 3=walks 3 metres alone or using any aid but no standby help; grade 4=walks 5 metres with no aid in 15 seconds; grade 5=walks 10 metres with no aid, turns around, picks up a small sandbag from the floor, and walks back in 25 seconds (may use either hand); grade 6=walks up and down 4 steps with or without an aid but without holding the rail 3 times in 35 seconds.

  • 1-151 Ashworth scale18; grade 0=no increase in muscle tone; grade 1=slight increase in muscle tone, manifested by a catch and release or by minimal resistance at the end of the range of motion when the affected part is moved in flexion or extension; grade 2=more marked increase in muscle tone through most of the range of motion, but affected part easily moved; grade 3=considerable increase in muscle tone, passive movement difficult; grade 4=affected part rigid in flexion or extension.

  • 1-152 =Tendon jerk19; 0=absent; +=hyporeflexia; ++=normal; +++=slight hyperreflexia; ++++=marked hyperreflexia.

  • 1-153 Not applicable.

  • 1-154 These patients walk with a one point cane.