Table 3

Torticollis ratings for ramisectomy patients and control patients

Ramisectomy groupBotulinum toxin—control group
BaselineFollow upChange (%)BaselineFollow upChange (%)
119.2518.5−3.915.759.25−41.3
211.258.25−26.79.759−7.7
38.521.25+150.01916.75−11.8
41411.5−17.912.56.75−46.0
55.756.75+17.419.2514.25−26.0
621.7519.25−11.5158.75−41.7
7164.75−70.39.256.75−27.0
818.759.75−48.055.25+5.0
98.254.25−48.51411−21.4
1019.7515−24.11814.75−18.0
1116.7512.5−25.412.758−37.2
12149−35.712.2510−18.4
131711−35.313.57−48.1
1415.2510−34.415.2510.5−31.1
Mean 14.711.6−15.313.79.9−26.5
SD4.85.352.13.93.415.6
  • Torticollis ratings are a modification of the TWSTRS (see table2). The percentage change in score refers to the baseline score. A negative change in the modified TWSTRS score, meaning a reduction in score, represents a lessening of torticollis severity; a positive change denotes an increase.

  • All ratings are the mean of two blinded observers (r=0.9048, p<0.0001).

  • Mean change in dystonia scores for ramisectomy patients 15.3% (pairedt test=2.15, p=0.051).

  • Mean change in dystonia scores for botulinum toxin patients 26.5% (paired t test=6.58, p<0.0001).

  • Baseline dystonia scores, comparing ramisectomy patients with botulinum toxin patients, showed no significant difference (Student’st test=0.60, p=0.550).