Table 2

Home based compensatory processes to overcome neurogenic dysphagia

Type of compensationExample
BehaviouralSlowing down eating and drinking
Spontaneous dietary adjustments
Help with feeding
Altered social setting (eg, sitting alone)
PosturalSitting up or lying on side
Removal of neck restrictions
Control of abnormal movements
OropharyngealHead turning, supraglottic swallow, sensory stimulation through textures and diet
BreathingPrompt treatment of pulmonary problems, effective coughing techniques: first aid measures (eg, Heimlich manoeuvre)