Table 1

Achievement and the CSF shunt in 57 patients with spina bifida (mean age 30)

Achievers n=28 (%)Non-achievers n=29
No shunt (n=9)8 (89)1
Shunt no revisions (n=16)11 (69)5
Shunt revised in infancy only (n=10)5 (50)5
Shunt revised after age 2 (n=22)4 (18)18
  • χ2 for trend p<0.001.