Table 2

Percentages of moderate and severe degree of white matter changes and cerebral atrophy in patients with and without prestroke cognitive decline in the Helsinki Stroke Aging Memory (SAM) Study Cohort (n=337)

No cognitive decline prestroke (n=306)Cognitive decline prestroke (n=31)All (n=337)p Value
White matter changes:
 Centrum semiovale20.844.822.90.0032
 Watershed areas32.248.333.60.0805
Mean Fazekas white matter score (SD)3.1 (1.5)4.0 (1.7)3.2 (1.5)0.0037
Cortical atrophy:
 Medial temporal22.
Central atrophy: