Table 3

Symptoms and signs of HAM/TSP

Vernant et al68 n=25 Araujo et al73 n=34 Bhigjee et al74 n=24
RaceAfro-CaribbeanMainly whiteBantu
Mean duration8 years7 yearsLess than 1 year
Symptoms (%):
 Leg weakness10097100
 Backache 2844 49
 Painful legs 40OccasionalUnknown
 Paraesthesias 4421 45
 Urinary frequency or incontinence 9694 78
Signs (%):
 Leg spasticity10088100
 Arm spasticity 9218 82
 Inability to walk 44 9 50
 Ability to walk 5691 50
 Sensory level  414 49
 Abnormal superficial sens. 4027 53
 Abnormal deep sensitivity 2862 49