Table 1

General characteristics (mean (SD)) of the study population (%)

Risk factor Men (n=309) Women (n=246) p Value
Age (y)75.1  (11.9)76.1  (11.3)0.32
Current smoker105 (34.0)5 (2.1)<0.01
Hypertension242 (78.4)208 (84.6)0.06
Hypercholesterolaemia127 (41.1)114 (46.4)0.22
Alcohol consumption64 (20.8)4 (1.7)<0.01
Diabetes mellitus86 (27.9)79 (32.2)0.30
Transient ischaemic attacks59 (19.1)33 (13.5)0.08
Atrial fibrillation95 (30.8)94 (38.3)0.07
Myocardial infarction32 (10.4)17 (7.0)0.17
Angina pectoris36 (11.7)38 (15.5)0.20
Congestive heart failure49 (15.9)34 (13.9)0.55
Valvular heart disease7 (2.3)8 (3.3)0.60
  • p Values for the difference between men and women.