Table 1

Demographic, clinical characteristics, and severity of depression

Depressed (n=24) Non-depressed (n=46)
Chronological age31.6 (7.9)29.0 (7.2)
Sex (% female)66.633.3
Education (y)12.4 (2.3)13.1 (2.4)
Handedness (% right handed)91.989.1
Age at onset (y)11.3 (10.9)10.0 (9.9)
Laterality of TLE (% left origin)62.569.5
Hippocampal sclerosis (% moderate to marked)76.763.1
Seizure frequency (number/month)65.8 (125.8)1-150 17.5 (43.1)
Patients on two or more AEDs8.318.1
CES-D18.2 (10.5)1-151 10.7 (8.23)
BDI11.0 (7.24)1-152 6.0 (6.67)
MMPI-D72.4 (13.9)1-153 61.3 (14.5)
  • Values are means (SD) or percentage of subjects. BDI=Beck depression inventory; CES-D=Centre for Epidemiological Studies-depression scale, MMPI-D=Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory depression subscale.

  • 1-150 t(62)=2.26, p<0.03;

  • 1-151 F(1,63)=8.8, p<.005;

  • 1-152 F(1,61)=5.5, p<0.025;

  • 1-153 F(1,62)=9.3, p<0.004.