Table 3

Voice and self perception variables (mean (SEM) before and after LSVT®

Before LSVT®After LSVT®DifferencepValue
*SPL measured at 30 cm; SAS, speech assessment scale (self/perception), 1=worst, 6=best; VAS, visual analogue scale to question “I speak so others understand”, 0=never (worst), 100=all the time (best); VHI, voice handicap index: “People ask me to repeat myself”, 0=never (best), 4=always (worst); fo, fundamental frequency.
*SPL /a/ (n=8)74.6 (2.5)83.0 (1.8)8.4 (1.5)<0.001
*SPL-rainbow passage (n=8)71.6 (1.5)77.9 (1.5)6.3 (1.0)<0.001
*SPL-happy day (n=8)70.1 (1.5)75.3 (1.7)5.2 (1.1)0.002
fo-rainbow passage (n=8)149.3 (15.0)158.5 (16.3)9.1 (4.7)0.09
fo-happy day (n=8)147.2 (14.5)146.3 (15.3)−0.8 (3.1)0.80
SAS (n=8)4.2 (0.2)4.4 (0.3)0.3 (0.4)0.50
VAS (n=7)55.0 (6.2)59.9 (5.5)4.9 (9.1)0.61
VHI (n=7)2.2 (0.3)1.7 (0.2)−0.5 (0.3)0.14