Table 1

 Glasgow coma scale. Adapted from Teasdale et al1

Eye opening (E)
Nil 1
Pain 2
Spontaneous 4
Motor response (M) Verbal response (V)
Nil 1Nil1
Abnormal extension2Incomprehensible2
Abnormal flexion3Inappropriate3
Weak flexion4Confused4
Localising5Oriented fully5
Obeys commands6
When assessing record best motor and verbal response
Record as E4; M6; V5 =15 (top line)
Tracheostomy/ET tube/facial injuries invalidate V
Patients are considered in coma with a GCS of E2; M4; V2 or less
  • ET, endotracheal tube; GCS, Glasgow coma score.