Table 4

Previous studies of the predictive value of CT in head injury for long term outcome

Study (1st author)YearYears of studynBlinded CT?CT scaleOutcome timeSignificant predictive variablesIndependent CT deathPredictive of: poor outcome
Studies from the same data set as Marshall5 are not included; baseline clinical score for entry into all studies was GCS ≤8.
Marshall5199101/84–09/87746Not statedTCDBDischargeAge, motor score, CT scoreIncreased brain swellingIncreased brain swelling
Liu7199508/85–07/87334Not stated0–5 Scale swelling12 monthsUnivariate analysis onlyBrain swellingBrain swelling
Fearnside61993Not stated315Not stated9 Features6 monthsAge, GCS motor score,3 CT featuresBrain swelling, midline shift, IVHContusion, ICH, SAH
Lobato8198311/77 * 07/82277Not stated8 Categories diffuse/mass6 monthsUnivariate analysis onlySDH, multiple contusionsn/s