Table 1

Proprioceptive inaccuracies in healthy controls, never treated PD patients, and both groups of PD patients in the “off” state

Controls (n=6) Untreated (n=5) Dyskinetic (n=11) Non-dyskinetic (n=6)
Side to side elbow comparison: incorrect trials4.6 (3)6.3 (2.5)5.3 (3)6.3 (1.7)
Matching contralateral elbow: angular error3 (0.8)3.9 (2.7)3.3 (1.2)3.7 (1.8)
Proprioceptive recall:
 Spatial error (cm)7.1 (2.2)6.5 (1.6)6.7 (1.7)8.1 (3.2)
 Distance error (cm)0.7 (0.9)1.1 (1.3)0.7 (1.3)0.7 (1.5)
  • Values are group averages (SD).