Table 3

Primary outcomes

Median (IQR) value
Control group (n=37)UL training group (n=33)LL training group (n=31)
*p<0.05; **p<0.01 for differences between experimental and control group; †p<0.01 for significant difference among groups (Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA test).
UL, upper limb; LL, lower limb.
ADL ability (Barthel index):
    Week 2617 (10.5–19)17 (11.75.20)19 (15–20)
    Week 3817 (12.5–18.25)17 (10.5–20)17.5 (15.25–20)
    Week 5217 (14–20)15 (12.5.20)18 (14.5–20)
Change beyond ET after 6 months (n=86):
    Number improved≥4 points310
    Number deteriorated≥4 points122
Walking ability (functional ambulation categories):
    Week 264 (2–5)4 (3–5)5 (4–5)
    Week 384 (3–5)4 (3–5)5 (4–5)
    Week 524 (3–5)4 (3–5)5 (4–5)
Change beyond error threshold after 6 months (n=86):
    Number improved≥1 point1144
    Number deteriorated≥1 point261
Dexterity (action research arm test):
    Week 26†0 (0–2.25)4 (0–38)**3 (0–56)*
    Week 380.5 (0–20.5)5 (0–38.5)5 (0–51.5)
    Week 521 (0–28.5)6 (0–42.25)6 (0–52.75)
Change beyond error threshold after 6 months (n=86):
    Number improved≥5 points242
    Number deteriorated≥5 points032