Table 2

Grams of alcohol per day for each beverage used by current drinkers (cases and controls)

MenWomen
Beverage*CasesControlsCasesControls
*Mean (SD); all comparisons NS.
†Including vermouths and fortified wines (for example, port, sherry, marsala).
‡Liqueurs are included here, such as those commonly drunk at the end of a meal (“digestifs”).
§Including “grappa”, whisky, gin, vodka, rum, cognac, and other distillates.
¶A local beverage made of coffee, with “grappa” or brandy added.
White wine13.4 (17.4)13.7 (20.1) 6.0 (6.3) 7.2 (10.3)
Red wine28.1 (25.3)24.5 (21.5)17.7 (13.2)14.1 (10.3)
Beer 7.2 (16.8) 3.5 (12.7) 2.9 (7.1) 5.8 (9.8)
Aperitifs† 1.6 (2.0) 4.6 (9.6) 0.9 (0.3) 4.1 (6.7)
“Bitters”‡ 3.2 (4.4) 4.2 (6.9) 1.4 (0.5) 3.6 (7.0)
Spirits§10.1 (30.0) 6.6 (12.9) 4.4 (5.2) 1.4 (0.0)
“Laced” coffee¶ 1.2 (1.4) 1.0 (1.0) 0.9 (0.8) 0.9 (1.7)