Table 2

Characteristics of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pains

SiteTMJ and associated musculature
RadiationAssociated muscles, temple, neck
CharacterDull, aching
SeverityMild to moderate
DurationWeeks to years
PeriodicityContinuous, can be intermittent or worse on waking or at the end of the day
Provoking factorsJaw movement, eating, stress
Relieving factorsJaw rest, tricyclic drugs
Associated factorsLimited mouth opening, TMJ parafunction, anxiety