Table 3

Cytokine concentrations (pg/ml) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in four cases of B19 meningoencephalitis

Case NoSexAge (gestation)SampleSample taken (days post onset)IL-1βIL-5IL-13IL-6TNFαIFNγGM-CSFMCP-1
d, days; F, female; GM-CSF, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor; IFNγ; γ interferon; IL, interleukin; m, months; M, male; MCP-1, macrophage chemoattractant protein-1; TNFα, tumour necrosis factor α; wk, weeks; y, years; −, not detectable.
1M2 mCSF326.1214.829.61292.51325.93
2M2 mSerum8129.2430.7853.28193.67279.91
7M9 ySerum133127.8758.0613.24181.1674.40
11F1 d (23 wk)Serum2267.8997.96117.14443.3490.88