Table 3

The eight month outcome in terms of health status and mental state, also showing results by dichotomy of global clinical improvement into “same or worse” or “improved” (n=66)

Whole cohortSame or worseImproved
*Although the raw SF-36 scores had a non-parametric distribution, the “change” scores followed a normal distribution.
†Emotional disorder is any of the following DSM IV diagnoses: major depressive disorder, minor depressive disorder, dysthymia, panic disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, anxiety disorder NOS as identified on the PRIME MD interview.
CI, confidence interval; DSM IV, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition; PRIME MD, primary care evaluation of mental disorders; SF-36, short form 35 item medical outcome study scale.
Number (per cent, 95% CI)6636 (55%, 42% to 67%)30 (45%, 33% to 58%)
Mean change in SF-36 score*
    Change in physical function−2 (−6 to 2)−9 (−14 to −8)7 (2 to 12)
    Change in physical role functioning11 (0 to 22)−8 (−21 to 6)34 (20 to 48)
    Change in bodily pain7 (1 to 13)−1 (−7 to 6)17 (7 to 27)
    Change in social function5 (−3 to 13)−6 (−17 to 5)19 (10 to 29)
Number with emotional disorder† at follow up (per cent, 95% CI)42 (63%, 51% to 75%)30 (83%, 67% to 93%)12 (40%, 22% to 59%)