Table 4

Examples of localised autonomic disorders

*Listed because it specifically targets intrinsic cholinergic plexuses in the heart and gut.
†Surgery also may cause other localised disorders, such as gustatory hyperhidrosis (Frey’s syndrome) after parotid surgery.
Adapted from Mathias (2000) (see table 2 footnote).
Horner’s syndrome
Holmes-Adie pupil
Crocodile tears (Bogorad’s syndrome)
Gustatory sweating (Frey’s syndrome)
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy
Idiopathic palmar or axillary hyperhidrosis
Chagas’ disease (Trypanosoma cruzi)*
Surgical procedures†
Sympathectomy (regional)
Vagotomy and gastric drainage procedures in “dumping” syndrome
Organ transplantation (heart, lungs)