Table 9

Orthostatic hypotension in parkinsonian disorders

Adapted from Mathias CJ. Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in parkinsonian patients. Clin Neurosci 1998;:–66.
  • Side effects of anti-parkinsonian drugs

  • Coincidental disease causing autonomic dysfunction

    • –diabetes mellitus

  • Coincidental drugs for medical conditions

    • –hypertension: antihypertensives

    • –prostatic hypertrophy: α blockers

    • –ischaemic heart disease: vasodilators

    • –cardiac failure: diuretics

    • –erectile failure: sildenafil

  • Autonomic failure

    • –multiple system atrophy

    • –Parkinson’s disease with autonomic failure

    • –diffuse Lewy body disease