Table 5

Non-viral causes of infectious encephalitis

Modified from Chaudhuri and Kennedy,9 with permission.
Bacterial
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Listeria monocytogenes
Borrelia burgdorferi
Leptospirosis
Brucellosis
Leptospirosis
Legionella
Tropheryma whippeli (Whipple’s disease)
Nocardia actinomyces
Treponema pallidum
Salmonella typhi
All causes of pyogenic meningitis
Rickettsial
Rickettsia rickettsia (Rocky Mountain spotted fever)
Rickettsia typhi (endemic typhus)
Rickettsia prowazeki (epidemic typhus)
Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)
Ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia chaffeensis—human monocytic ehrlichiosis)
Fungal
Cryptococcus
Aspergillosis
Candidiasis
Coccidiomycosis
Histoplasmosis
North American blastomycosis
Parasitic
Human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
Cerebral malaria
Toxoplasma gondii
Echinococcus granulosus
Schistosomiasis