Table 3

 Causes of death during the long term follow up of the patients with intracerebral haemorrhage who survived the first 28 days

Cause of deathICH patient deaths (%)Population deaths (%)Odds ratio (95% CI)
The population figures are the annual average numbers for the five year period 1994 to 1998 of the population of Central Finland.
CI, confidence interval; ICH, intracerebral haemorrhage; MI, myocardial infarction.
Cerebrovascular diseases54 (34.0)285 (11.4)4.0 (2.8 to 5.7)
    First intracerebral haemorrhage14NA
    Recurrent intracerebral haemorrhage13NA
    Acute stroke (infarct/non-defined)27NA
Cardiovascular diseases38 (23.9)888 (35.6)0.6 (0.4 to 0.8)
    Coronary heart disease/MI25 (15.7)700 (28.1)0.5 (0.3 to 0.7)
    Other cardiac disease7 (4.4)91 (3.6)1.2 (0.6 to 2.7)
    Other vascular diseases6 (3.8)97 (3.9)1.0 (0.4 to 2.2)
Pneumonia29 (18.2)135 (5.4)3.9 (2.5 to 6.0)
Malignant diseases14 (8.8)501 (20.0)0.4 (0.2 to 0.7)
Trauma3 (1.9)125 (5.0)0.4 (0.1 to 1.2)
Miscellaneous16 (9.9)500 (20.0)
Unknown5 (3.1)60 (2.4)
Total1592494