Table 1

 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population

Patients with dementia(n = 35)Patients without dementia(n = 86)Total(n = 121)p value
Age (SD)74.9 (8.8)68.1 (8.3)70 (9.0)<0.001
Years of education (SD)8.9 (4.1)9.6 (3.1)9.4 (3.4)0.17
Level of education
    Primary school17 (48%)27 (31%)44 (37%)
    Vocational education10 (29%)28 (33%)38 (31%)
    Secondary education8 (23%)31 (36%)39 (32%)0.18
No. of women13 (37%)33 (38%)46 (38%)0.9
Type of stroke
    TIA0 (0%)25 (29%)25 (21%)
    Infarction27 (77%)50 (58%)77 (63%)
    Intracerebral haemorrhage8 (23%)11 (13%)19 (16%)0.001
Site of stroke
    Infratentorial1 (3%)9 (11%)10 (8%)
    Right hemisphere23 (66%)39 (46%)62 (52%)
    Left hemisphere11 (31%)36 (43%)47 (40%)0.11
Computed tomography (CT) variables
Main findings (n = 120)
    Normal CT3 (9%)29 (34%)32 (26%)
    Recent infarct only15 (43%)27 (32%)42 (35%)
    Old infarct only4 (11%)10 (12%)14 (12%)
    Single intracerebral haemorrhage7 (20%)7 (8%)14 (12%)
    Multiple lesions6 (17%)12 (14%)18 (15%)0.05
Recent infarct type (n = 58)
    Large (end zone and/or large deep)17 (81%)21 (57%)38 (66%)
    Lacunar4 (19%)16 (43%)20 (34%)0.06
Leukoaraiosis (n = 120)19 (54%)23 (27%)42 (35%)0.004
Cerebral atrophy (n = 120)9 (26%)14 (16%)23 (19%)0.24
R-CAMCOG subscores (SD)
    Orientation (maximum = 8)5.5 (2.1)7.6 (0.6)7.0 (1.6)<0.001
    Memory (maximum = 25)14.1 (4.5)20.1 (2.7)18.4 (4.3)<0.001
    Abstraction (maximum = 8)4.7 (2.2)6.3 (1.5)5.8 (1.9)<0.001
    Perception (maximum = 8)4.5 (1.3)6.1 (1.3)5.7 (1.5)<0.001
    Total (maximum = 49)28.8 (8.2)40.1 (4.1)36.8 (7.6)<0.001