Table 1

 Clinical features and risk factors in each diffusion-weighted imaging lesion pattern

TerritorialOther corticalSmall superficialInternal border zoneOther deepSmall deep
*Territorial v small deep or superficial v other groups, p<0.001.
†Territorial, other cortical, and small superficial v other groups, p<0.05.
‡Relevant vessels, p<0.001.
HDL, high density lipoproteins; LDL, low density lipoproteins; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.
N (%)48 (11)66 (16)102 (24)31 (7)42 (10)137 (32)
Age in years (mean (SD))61.1 (14.7)61.4 (15.5)62.0 (12.1)61.2 (15.8)58.6 (10.9)60.7 (11.6)
Men (n (%))27 (56)37 (56)61 (60)14 (45)21 (50)88 (64)
NIHSS score on admission* (mean (SD))12.5 (5.8)5.4 (5.1)2.8 (4.0)5.5 (5.0)4.8 (5.6)2.3 (2.1)
Conventional risk factors (n (%))
    Hypertension15 (31)41 (62)62 (61)18 (58)25 (60)84 (61)
    Diabetes7 (15)16 (24)25 (25)13 (42)10 (24)38 (28)
    Smoking19 (40)22 (33)42 (41)9 (29)14 (33)68 (50)
    Serum cholesterol (mean (SD))
        Ratio of total to HDL4.2 (1.4)4.3 (1.6)4.5 (1.2)4.7 (1.3)4.6 (1.4)4.6 (1.6)
        LDL (mg/dl)111.9 (34.8)116.2 (36.6)110.3 (39.0)116.8 (37.0)129.5 (36.5)120.4 (40.0)
    Previous stroke history9 (19)17 (26)23 (23)3 (10)9 (21)31 (23)
    Atrial fibrillation14 (29)7 (11)7 (7)2 (6)4 (10)3 (2)
Previous coronary heart disease history† (n (%))6 (13)6 (9)11 (11)1 (3)1 (2)8 (6)
Vascular status (n (%))
    Normal13 (29)29 (45)22 (22)4 (13)16 (38)102 (75)
    Occlusive lesions‡32 (71)35 (55)78 (78)27 (87)26 (62)34 (25)
        Stenosis5 (11)21 (33)57 (57)14 (45)15 (36)31 (23)
        Occlusion27 (60)14 (22)21 (21)13 (42)11 (26)3 (2)