Table 3

 Multiple logistic regression analysis

VariablesUnstable hospital coursePoor outcome at 90th dayRecurrent stroke
OR (95% CI)p valueOR (95% CI)p valueOR (95% CI)p value
*Compared with those with small deep infarcts; †compared with those with normal relevant vessels.
DWI, diffusion-weighted imaging; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Score; N/A, not applicable.
AgeN/A0.9201.03 (1.01 to 1.06)0.016N/A0.429
SexN/A0.864N/A0.311N/A0.778
The NIHSS score1.08 (1.02 to 1.15)0.0101.33 (1.23 to 1.45)<0.001N/A0.815
DWI lesion volumesN/A0.456N/A0.216N/A0.163
DWI lesion patterns*0.0060.0070.043
    TerritorialN/A0.879N/A0.066N/A0.567
    Other corticalN/A0.135N/A0.344N/A0.359
    Small superficialN/A0.769N/A0.5002.93 (1.20 to 7.14)0.035
    Internal border zone4.21 (1.64 to 10.81)0.0039.11 (2.75 to 30.21)<0.001N/A0.529
    Large deepN/A0.236N/A0.252N/A0.474
Vascular status†0.2260.2980.677
    StenosisN/A0.427N/A0.966N/A0.477
    OcclusionN/A0.355N/A0.189N/A0.818
Time elapsed from stroke onset and DWIN/A0.062N/A0.984N/A0.729