Table 5

 Comorbidity and sociodemographic factors associated with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo*

Prevalence (%)OR (95% CI)
BPPVControl groupAdjusted for age and sexMultivariate‡
BPPV, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
*53 participants with BPPV in the past 12 months compared with 6136 vertigo-free and dizziness-free participants.
†Self-reported physician diagnosis.
‡Stepwise logistic regression including all variables in the table; ORs are only shown for the variables in the final model.
¶Odds ratio for increase in age per decade.
Women74512.4 (1.3–4.5)1.8 (0.9–3.4)
Age (y)1.7 (1.5–2.0)¶1.8 (1.4–2.3)¶
    18–391243
    40–594038
    60+4819
Secondary school education
    Higher level28391
    Middle level29351.0 (0.5–2.1)
    Lower level43261.3 (0.7–2.7)
Self-reported depression in the past year1491.4 (0.6–3.2)
Hypertension†52222.2 (1.2–4.0)1.9 (1.0–3.6)
Elevated blood lipids†55242.5 (1.4–4.4)2.0 (1.1–3.7)
Diabetes†1451.6 (0.7–3.8)
Coronary heart disease†1852.1 (0.9–4.6)
Stroke†1016.9 (1.8–19.2)4.7 (2.5–13.8)
Body mass index (kg/m2)
    <2532581
    25–<30 (overweight)52332.4 (1.3–4.6)
    ⩾ 30 (obese)1692.2 (0.9–5.1)
Smoking (current daily)10270.5 (0.2–1.1)
Migraine34107.5 (3.9–14.2)8.6 (4.3–17.3)