Table 1

 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of the enrolled patients (n = 39)

VariablePlacebo (SD)BoNT-A (SD)
BoNT-A, botulinum toxin type A; VAS, visual analogue scale.
No of patients1920
Women (no of patients)710
Mean age (years)45.63 (7.90)47.60 (11.24)
Mean duration of illness (years)9.13 (9.90)7.38 (6.22)
Simple/complex (no of patients)6/137/13
VAS handwriting1.78 (1.39)1.70 (1.20)
Symptom severity scale (points)27.32 (4.57)28.10 (4.67)
Functional status scale (points)8.95 (5.41)10.25 (7.02)
Writer’s cramp rating scale (points)4.47 (1.84)4.50 (1.96)
Writing speed (lines/2 min)7.93 (3.20)7.59 (2.80)