Table 3

 Quantitative gait parameters at baseline by final cognitive status.

ParameterNo dementia (n = 366)Developed dementia (n = 33)p Value
Values are mean (SD).
Velocity (cm/s)94.1 (23.6)79.5 (23.0)0.002
Cadence (steps/min)101.5 (12.1)95.3 (11.8)0.007
Stride length (cm)110.6 (21.1)99.3 (23.1)0.004
Stride length variability (SD)4.55 (2.82)5.56 (2.42)0.01
Swing time (s)0.43 (0.04)0.45 (0.05)0.02
Swing time variability (SD)0.03 (0.02)0.04 (0.02)0.001
Stance time (s)0.77 (0.13)0.84 (0.18)0.01
Double support time (s)0.34 (0.11)0.37 (0.11)0.13