Table 2

Aetiological classification of seizures (adapted from International League Against Epilepsy 2006)

Seizuresn=41 (39+2)* (50.9%)
Idiopathic or cryptogenic epileptic seizures20 (48.8%)
Provoked or acute symptomatic seizures16 (39%)
 Drugs (use or withdrawal)12
 Cocaine (body packers)3
 Acute ischaemic stroke2
 Arteriovenous malformation1
 Massive pulmonary embolism1
Spontaneous remote symptomatic seizures3 (7.3%)
 Chronic cerebrovascular disease2
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures4 (9.7%)
  • * Two patients with acute stroke presented with seizures.

  • Two patients had both epileptic and non-epileptic seizures.