Table 4

Logistic regression model of the inability to return to work 6 months after a first-ever ischaemic stroke

PredictorWald (df)p ValueOR95% CI
Number of cognitive deficits* 8.240 (1)0.0042.2511.2943.918
Persistence of the deficits 3.423 (1)0.0642.7220.9427.861
Age1.195 (1)0.2741.0360.9721.105
Education years0.000 (1)0.9931.0010.7871.273
Type of work1.140 (4)0.888
Clerical employee0.441 (1)0.5070.5690.1083.001
Employee0.026 (1)0.8710.8860.2043.848
Entrepreneur0.496 (1)0.4810.4840.0643.647
Student0.303 (1)0.5820.4020.01610.288
National Institute of Health Stroke Scale§ 2.558 (1)0.1101.5320.9082.582
Glasgow Coma Scale 1.408 (1)0.2350.7540.4731.202
Aetiology by TOAST3.123 (4)0.537
Cardioembolism0.175 (1)0.6760.7360.1753.092
Small-artery occlusion1.789 (1)0.1810.3830.0941.563
Other determined0.148 (1)0.7011.4900.19511.416
Undetermined1.051 (1)0.3050.4730.1131.980
Lesion size0.005 (1)0.9430.9790.5541.732
Barthel Index* 2.121 (1)0.1450.9230.8291.028
Constant1.992 (1)0.15811747.111
  • * After a mean of 8 days after the onset.

  • Persistence=no improvement at 6-month follow-up

  • At admittance to hospital: the inability to return to work is the predicted category. The reference category for the type of work is managerial employee. The reference category for aetiology is large-artery atherosclerosis. Managerial employee: occupations typically requiring an academic degree; clerical employee: occupations requiring a vocational degree below the academic degree; employee: manual labour; entrepreneur: for example, practitioners and self-employed persons; student: full-time students.

  • § At discharge from the acute care unit.

  • TOAST, Trial of Org 10 172 in acute stroke treatment.