Table 2

Mean (SD) glutamate ([Glu]) and glutamate and glutamine ([Glx]) concentration estimates in institutional units for patients and controls

ControlsPatients
Hippocampus
 Glu4.57 (1.2)3.94 (1.1)
 Glu %SD8.85 (2.5)9.85 (3.8)
 Glx5.19 (1.5)4.48 (1.5)
 Glx %SD10.36 (3.4)11.23 (4.0)
Thalamus
 Glu4.99 (1.5)4.79 (2.1)
 Glu %SD12.35 (3.60)11.47 (3.5)
 Glx5.84 (2.4)6.05 (3.9)
 Glx %SD12.56 (3.8)13.35 (4.0)
Cingulate cortex
 Glu7.60 (0.6)6.24 (1.3)*
 Glu %SD6.12 (0.8)6.72 (1.4)
 Glx8.31 (0.8)6.94 (1.5)*
 Glx %SD6.71 (1.3)7.22 (1.3)
Parietal cortex
 Glu7.44 (0.7)6.30 (1.1)*
 Glu %SD5.35 (0.9)5.89 (1.5)
 Glx8.49 (0.8)7.21 (1.2)*
 Glx %SD5.58 (0.7)6.39 (1.6)
  • *p<0.01 for patients versus controls comparison.