TableĀ 2

Conditions that may cause intracranial hypertension

Pharmacological agentsSystemic conditions
Antibiotics: tetracycline and derivatives, vitamin A derivatives: isotretinoin, all-trans-retinoic acid (for acute promyelocytic leukaemia)
Hormonal agents: corticosteroid withdrawal, growth hormone, thyroxine replacement in children
Other agents: lithium, nalidixic acid, rofecoib, cimetidine
Haematological: anaemia
Respiratory: obstructive sleep apnoea
Renal: renal failure
Endocrine: obesity, weight gain, polycystic ovarian syndrome, Cushing's disease, Addison's disease, hypoparathyroidism
Genetic: turner syndrome
Autoimmune: systemic lupus erythematosus
Nutritional: hypervitaminosis A
Venous: cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, superior vena cava obstruction, increased right-sided heart pressure