Table 2

Risk estimates across all studies included in primary analysis

ReferenceYearAuthorStudy designp ValueRRHRORCI lowerCI upper
161997GoneraCase–control0.2090.450.131.57
152001AbbottCohort0.0132.301.24.5
172009SavicaCase–control0.00052.481.494.11
62011Gao—HPFSCohort<0.00014.351.8010.5
62011Gao—NHSCohort0.032.981.098.14
72014PlouvierCase–control0.0393.321.110.4
82014LinCohort<0.00012.291.912.74
92014SchragCase–control2.242.042.46
102014Pont-SunyerCase–control<0.052.71.45.2
  • HR, hazard ratio; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; RR, relative risk.