Table 1

Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics. Figures are numbers (percentages*) unless stated otherwise

Characteristic Intervention
Initial management by neurologist (n=100)
Control
Immediate management by GP (n=95)
Mean age (SD)38.90 (14.58)40.99 (14.84)
Women76 (76)66 (70)
Ethnicity
Caucasian
Other
 ­
76 (76)
24 (24)
 ­
77 (81)
18 (19)
Living together with partner57 (57)52 (55)
Highest completed education level
 Primary school
Lower education/medium school
Median education/higher school
Higher education/university
Unknown
 ­
9 (9)
19 (19)
46 (46)
25 (25)
1 (1)
 ­
7 (7)
22 (23)
35 (37)
31 (33)
Unfit for paid work10 (10)11 (12)
Absence from work past month55 (55)43 (45)
Type of functional symptoms
Pain
‘Pseudo’neurological symptoms
Functional movement disorders
Non-epileptic seizure
Motor and/or sensory impairment
‘Positive’ sensory symptoms
 ­
13 (13)
76 (76)
  12
3
61
11 (11)
 ­
13 (14)
72 (76)
12
4
56
10 (11)
Duration of functional symptoms
0–3 months
3–6 months
6–9 months
9–12 months
>12 months
 ­
14 (14)
16 (16)
11 (11)
57 (57)
2 (2)
 ­
10 (11)
22 (23)
11 (12)
49 (52)
3 (3)
Patients treated in past year4 (4)4 (4)
Use of psychotropics16 (16)11 (12)
Patients with pain80 (80)74 (78)
Mean (SD) VAS pain48.08 (24.19), n=7949.11 (27.58), n=74
Mean (SD) PCS18.21 (13.02), n=9917.96 (13.51), n=94
Mean (SD) somatisation subscale (SCL-90)28.26 (8.19)28.39 (8.62)
Mean (SD) HADS
Anxiety
Depression
 ­
7.74 (4.65)
6.58 (4.91)
 ­
8.46 (4.67), n=94
6.81 (4.34), n=94
Mean (SD) ALDS83.22 (8.26), n=9984.95 (6.26)
Mean (SD) VAS general well-being47.68 (23.09), n=9243.04 (24.19), n=91
Mean (SD) SF-36 subscales
Physical functioning
Physical role functioning
Bodily pain
Social functioning
Mental health
Emotional role functioning
Vitality
General health
Physical component summary
Mental component summary
(n=99)
53.35 (26.39)
19.19 (32.70)
37.93 (26.90)
45.71 (29.89)
62.51 (21.86)
65.15 (44.68)
42.32 (20.51)
46.68 (20.53)
32.81 (9.92)
43.36 (13.10)
56.58 (25.78)
15.43 (28.89), n=94
40.74 (26.37), n=94
47.50 (30.43)
60.99 (22.54), n=93
49.10 (44.93), n=93
41.47 (20.92), n=93
47.47 (22.39), n=93
34.79 (10.69), n=90
40.26 (12.96), n=90
  •  *Percentages not always add up to 100% due to rounding.

  • †Persons living in the Netherlands with another ethnic background (eg, (north) African, Afro-Caribbean and Asian).

  • ‡Stratification factor.

  • ALDS, AMC Linear Disability Scale; GP, general practitioner; PCS, Pain Catastrophizing Scale; SF-36; 36-item Short Form Health Survey; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.