Table 1

Characteristics of 3-month survivors of ischaemic stroke

Characteristics Lacunar stroke (n=234) Non-lacunar stroke (n=1191) P values
Age, mean (SD) 69.9 (12.0) 73.8 (12.8) <0.001*
Sex (male) (%) 143 (61.1) 610 (51.2) 0.006*
History (%)
  Myocardial infarction 13 (5.6) 164 (13.8) <0.001*
  Angina 32 (13.7) 207 (17.4) 0.17
  Atrial fibrillation 2 (0.9) 258 (21.7) <0.001*
  Hypertension 145 (62.0) 744 (62.5) 0.89
  Dyslipidaemia 72 (30.8) 397 (33.3) 0.45
  Diabetes 42 (17.9) 163 (13.7) 0.09
  Peripheral vascular disease 13 (5.6) 95 (8.0) 0.20
  Stroke 22 (9.4) 136 (11.4) 0.37
  Transient ischaemic attack 29 (12.4) 176 (13.8) 0.34
  Smoking 147 (62.8) 689 (57.9) 0.16
  Heart failure 4 (1.7) 115 (9.7) <0.001*
  Valvular heart disease 14 (6.0) 120 (10.1) 0.05
  Cancer 32 (13.7) 189 (15.9) 0.40
  Prestroke mRS >2 17 (7.3) 227 (19.1) <0.001*
  Prestroke BI <20 38 (16.2) 280 (23.5) 0.06
InitialNIHSS score, mean (SD) 2.1 (2.2) 4.1 (5.4) <0.001*
Received thrombolysis (%) 1 (0.5) 17 (1.6) 0.20
Received in-hospital rehabilitation (%) 43 (18.4) 385 (32.3) <0.001*
  Length of stay for rehabilitation, median days (IQR) 16 (5–43) 20 (5–69) 0.095
Received community-based rehabilitation (%) 28 (12.0) 160 (13.4) 0.54
  Number of sessions, median (IQR) 2 (1–4.5) 2.5 (1–9) 0.28
Recurrent stroke within
5- years (%)
33 (14.1) 178 (15.0) 0.74
Any recurrent vascular event within 5 years (%) 64 (27.4) 296 (24.9) 0.42
Poststroke depression (%) 60 (25.6) 290 (24.4) 0.85
Deaths (%)
  Within 1 year 1 (0.4) 137 (11.5) <0.001*
  Within 5 years 41 (19.1) 423 (40.8) <0.001*
  • *Significant differences at p<0.05. We compared ordinal/continuous variables using the Wilcoxon rank-sum (Mann-Whitney U) and dichotomous variables using χ2 tests.

  • Results in bold represent significant p values.

  • BI, Barthel Index; mRS, modified Rankin Scale; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale.