Table 1

Descriptive statistics at 3-year follow-up

Age at index stroke22467.13±11.49
Sex: male n (%)224126 (56.25)
Further education: yes n (%)15965 (29.15)
Adult SES n (%)157
 High49 (31.21)
 Middle49 (31.21)
 Low59 (37.58)
Premorbid IQ153112.2±8.44
Stroke characteristics
Stroke type n (%)224
 Cortical131 (58.48)
 Lacunar93 (41.52)
NIHSS worst2242.34 (1.32)
3-year outcomes
Further vascular event: yes n (%)*†224
 Stroke or TIA21 (9.37)
 MI8 (3.57)
Disability: mRS† n (%)217
 No symptoms54 (24.88)
 No significant disability69 (31.80)
 Slight disability46 (21.20)
 Moderate disability14 (6.45)
 Moderate/severe disability9 (4.15)
 Severe disability3 (1.38)
 Dead22 (10.14)
Physical functioning‡
  • Descriptive statistics are either ±mean and SD or n (%).

  • *Since 1-year follow-up and including those with further vascular events as cause of death.

  • †Subjective/self-reported.

  • ‡Objective/in-person assessment.

  • ACE-R, Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination - Revised; BDI, Beck's Depression Inventory; 9HPT, Nine Hole Peg Test; MI, Myocardial Infarction; MMSE, Mini Mental State Examination; MoCA, Montreal Cognitive Assessment; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; SES, Socioeconomic status; TIA, Transient Ischaemic Attack; TUG, Timed Get Up and Go; mRS, Modified Rankin Scale.