Table 1

Modifiable risk factors and their risk of ischaemic stroke

Risk factorOR (95% CI)PAR (95% CI)
Diabetes mellitus type 1*6.72 (3.15 to 14.33)3.9 (3.1 to 4.3)
Diabetes mellitus type 2*2.31 (1.35 to 3.95)2.6 (1.2 to 3.4)
Hypertension*1.43 (1.17 to 1.75)19.9 (14.8 to 23.9)
Dyslipidaemia†0.9 (0.8 to 1.1)−2.1 (-6.7 to 2.6)
Obesity†1.2 (1.0 to 1.5)6.9 (0.0 to 13.8)
Physical inactivity†5.9 (5.1 to 6.7)59.8 (56.2 to 63.4)
Current smoking*1.81 (1.50 to 2.17)15.0 (8.1 to 21.8)
  • *Data adapted from Kivioja et al 52

  • †Data adapted from Aigner et al 53

  • PAR, population attributable risk.