Table 1

Anatomical distribution of casualties with head injuries

GroupAIS 2005 diagnosis codesUS militaryUK militaryOther coalition militaryHost nation militaryHost nation civiliansAll
All head injuries73492546382817535316 411
Scalp injury110099–110808160610711993016954437
Intracranial bleed/haematoma140410–140446, 140629–140656735568675414033034
Skull base fracture150200–15020663239543817151821
Skull vault fracture150400–150408871689470816383379
Mild concussion (LOC <30 min)161000–1610045101323311335352710 326
Severe concussion (LOC >30 min)161005–16101315361656107338
Brainstem injury140202–140218, 14029910451972140376
Cerebrum/cerebellum contusion140402–14062655865583416671689
Mild TBI5101323311335352610 325
Moderate/severe TBI1558131187106628095751
  • Figures include survivors and died of wounds only (killed in action excluded).

  • AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; LOC, loss of consciousness; TBI, traumatic brain injury.