Table 3

Characteristics of participants with longitudinal data in SCANS

Only baseline (n = 17)Longitudinal cohort (n = 104)P
Age74.9 (8.0)69.2 (9.8)0.015
Sex, female (%)7 (41.2)36 (34.6)0.802
Education0.091
 Low (%)12 (70.6)44 (42.7)
 Medium (%)4 (23.5)39 (37.9)
 High (%)1 (5.9)20 (19.4)
Hypertension (%)16 (94.1)96 (92.3)1.000
Diabetes (%)5 (29.4)17 (16.3)0.339
Hypercholesterolaemia (%)15 (88.2)89 (85.6)1.000
Smoking0.436
 Never (%)9 (52.9)39 (37.5)
 Ex (%)6 (35.3)43 (41.3)
 Current (%)2 (11.8)22 (21.2)
BMI, kg/m2 27.7 (3.3)26.9 (5.1)0.327
Dementia4 (23.5)20 (19.2)0.933
Apathy3.0 (1.6)2.9 (1.8)0.982
Depression4.9 (5.0)5.8 (5.4)0.500
MMSE25.6 (3.1)27.8 (2.5)<0.001
PS index−1.3 (1.0)−0.9 (0.9)0.074
IADL6.9 (1.7)7.5 (1.1)0.075
  • BMI, body mass index; IADL, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; MMSE, Mini Mental State Examination; PS, processing speed; SCANS, St. George's Cognition and Neuroimaging in Stroke.