Table 3

Results from the control analyses on admission for suicide attempt, adjusting for gender, ethnicity and each comorbid psychiatric condition

B (SE)OR95% CI for OR (lower)95% CI for OR (upper)P value
Against concurrent diagnosis of epilepsy and PNES*. Controlling for:
Depression disorders / Bipolar Disorder
Epilepsy−0.94 (0.33)0.390.210.78<0.01
PNES−0.28 (0.32)0.750.411.480.39
Anxiety and stress-related disorders
Epilepsy−0.90 (0.33)0.410.220.820.01
PNES−0.27 (0.32)0.760.421.510.42
Substance Misuse Disorders
Epilepsy−0.94 (0.33)0.390.210.78<0.01
PNES−0.28 (0.32)0.750.411.490.40
Personality Disorder
Epilepsy−0.94 (0.33)0.390.210.78<0.01
PNES−0.27 (0.32)0.760.411.490.41
Developmental Disorder / Intellectual Disability
Epilepsy−0.70 (0.33)0.490.260.990.04
PNES−0.33 (0.32)0.710.391.410.32
Post hoc analysis: against PNES*. Controlling for:
Depression disorders / Bipolar Disorder
Epilepsy−0.66 (0.15)0.520.380.70<0.001
Anxiety and stress-related disorders
Epilepsy−0.63 (0.15)0.530.390.72<0.001
Substance Misuse Disorders
Epilepsy−0.66 (0.15)0.520.380.70<0.001
Personality Disorder
Epilepsy−0.66 (0.15)0.510.380.69<0.001
Developmental Disorder / Intellectual Disability
Epilepsy−0.37 (0.16)0.690.500.940.01
  • Presented are beta values (B) from the Firth’s Bias-reduced logistic regressions and their Standard Error (SE), Odds Ratios (OR) with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI), and significance value (p value).

  • *All control analyses are also adjusted for gender and ethnicity. The ORs are the total effect of lifetime diagnosis through all causal pathways including age, previous suicidal ideation, lives alone and antidepressants prescription in the year before admission for suicide attempt.

  • PNES, psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.